As we prepare our study environment, we know we need quiet and few distractions. However, if you are a social learner or even if you need something extra to boost your retention of information, reading aloud and talking or mouthing the concepts to yourself is not obsolete as a potent means to reinforce what you have learned. In fact, the need to talk about concepts (either alone or with others in a collaborative manner) as a tool for reinforcing learning represents a learning style unto itself. The quote below further emphasizes this point:
"Adults who are not smooth readers also read out loud, but they have learned to muffle it for social purposes - they subvocalize, or just move their lips when they read, because they know that other people will think less of them if they read out loud. However, it is the easiest and most natural way to absorb concepts."
Wenger, Susan, Image-Streaming, http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/1179/ 10/25/00.
Some examples of using private speech to reinforce concepts include the following:
- memorizing concepts by saying the words
- appreciating poetry by using emotional emphasis
- reading text aloud as you correct and revise papers to see if it makes sense
- In math problems, talking through the problem-solving process to ensure the correct solution.
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