WHEN TO DO THIS
WHY THIS PRINCIPLE IS IMPORTANT
1. Intend to remember/learn.
Before beginning study
Your intention is crucial. If you don’t actively plan to remember something, you won’t remember it very well.
2. Get an "overview" of the task.
Whenever you begin a new learning project
Getting a preview of the whole process you’re trying to learn will help you later as you read, practice, etc. You’ll be able to fill in details of each part if you start with a simplified version of the whole task first.
3. Review immediately after learning.
At the end of each study session
Most forgetting takes place immediately after learning occurs--not two hours or two days later. Therefore, review immediately, even if just for a few minutes.
4. Learn actively.
Most learning time should be actively self-testing and practice rather than passively re-reading. Expose as many senses as possible to the material--read it, hear it, visualize it, etc.
5. Use an hour or two
When you’re trying to read a whole chapter
Complex learning such as understanding new relationships learning how to solve a problem requires longer periods of time for efficient learning.
6. Use two to five minutes.
When you have a simple mechanical task or rote-memorization
Simple tasks and especially anything you have to memorize task are better learned in short, frequent practice sessions rather than an hour or two.
7. Practice what you have learned.
In between the time you first learn something and the time you’re tested on it
Most forgetting takes place because people haven’t periodically practiced or reviewed what they learned.
8. Learn in an organized way.
You’ll remember much more when you have a systematic, orderly view of what you have learned. If you have studied facts as isolated events without seeing relationships between them, then you will forget more quickly.
9. Set and understand the goals/objectives for your study session.
At the beginning of any learning or retrieving session
This gives you a purpose and a complete overview of each study session, and it will help you become a more systematic and organized learner.
From The University of Alabama Center for Academic Success